The location of Cyprus in the Eastern Mediterranean gives it a special religious significance. The island is a treasure trove of religious icons, mosaics and artifacts as well as ecclesiastical architecture. The island has seen many important religious events, including the visit of Saint Paul and Saint. Barnabas who converted the proconsul to Christianity during the Roman period.

It is currently estimated that 100,000 out of 2.5 million tourists visiting Cyprus each year come to visit some sort of religious monument. Cyprus holds the advantage of having churches, temples and monuments belonging to both Christianity and Islam since the island is split between Turkish and Greek communities.